Kharkiv is the second-largest Ukrainian city. Located in the north-east of the country, it was cruelly attacked by the Russian forces from the first days of the invasion.
Kharkiv was founded in 1654 as a fortress, and has been a major centre of industry, trade and the Ukrainian culture ever since. The city was the first capital of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, from December 1919 to January 1934.
This fact determined the arcitecture of Kharkiv, with its wide streets and avenues, with its dominant Maidan Svobody (the Liberty Square) which occupies over 11 hectares in the downtown.
Kharkiv is a modern city with both historical buildings marked with original architectural solutions and contemporary architectural conceptions.
But the fierce artillery shelling of the Russian army has turned to dust those beautiful cityscapes, once depicted by Yuriy Khymych.